The status of a nurse has acquired particular magnitude recently. Much attention is paid to increasing the prestige of this profession and its social significance. Modern nurses need to have scientific knowledge, be able to analyze, anticipate the consequences, plan their activities, and make independent decisions. The ability to establish professional contacts with colleagues, patients and their relatives, and management is of great importance too.
Nurses must constantly strive to improve their skills. In modern medicine, more and more advanced technologies are being introduced (new surgeries and types of research), sophisticated medical treatment and diagnostic techniques are being used, new drugs are emerging, etc. All these activities require increasing knowledge. At the same time, they help nurses to realize that they are representatives of the modern profession, specialists in their field.
Sooner or later, all nursing students will have to do practical work in the clinic. This is a challenging and responsible task, so you should know about some rules of medical practice. Here is a list of study tips for nursing students that will help you feel confident on the first day at the hospital.
A beginner nurse should learn how to manage his or her time properly. You must understand that work in the clinic requires a huge investment of time and energy. Make a schedule and control the process of performing all your activities.
Work in the clinic is a big physical and moral load on your body, so you should always follow the proper diet. Eat healthy high-calorie foods. However, this does not mean that you should eat a lot of fatty and fried meals. Prefer boiled meat, cereals, and nuts. These products are very hearty, but at the same time, they do not contain cholesterol. Do not forget about fresh fruits and vegetables. Drink plenty of fluids. It is better to prefer purified water, herbal tea, fruit and vegetable juices. Try to drink carbonated drinks and alcohol in moderation.
Be sure that your bag is always fully stocked. Prepare your work tools. Check if they are clean and ready to use. Do not forget about your work clothes. Your costume must be neat and clean.
Humane Treatment of the Patient
A nurse should put compassion and respect for the patient's life above all else. She or he must respect the patient’s right to alleviate suffering to the extent that the current level of medical knowledge allows. The medical worker, within her or his competence, is responsible for ensuring the rights of the patient.
You must always be prepared to provide competent assistance to patients regardless of their age or gender, the nature of the disease, race or nationality, religious or political beliefs, social or material status, or other differences. When nursing, the medical worker must respect the patient’s right to participate in the planning and conduct of treatment. Arrogance, neglect, or degrading treatment of the patient are unacceptable. You are not entitled to impose your moral, religious, political beliefs on the patient. When prioritizing the delivery of medical care to several patients, a nurse should be guided only by medical criteria, excluding any discrimination. In cases requiring monitoring the patient’s behavior (for medical reasons), a nurse should limit his intervention in the patient’s personal life to purely professional necessity.
Honesty and Fairness
A nurse should be truthful and honest. The moral duty of the medical worker is to inform the patient about his or her rights. You are obliged to respect the patient's right to receive information about the state of health, possible risks, and benefits of the proposed treatment methods, diagnosis and prognosis, as well as his or her right to refuse to obtain information in general. Considering that the function of informing the patients and their families is mainly the responsibility of the physician, the nurse has the moral right to transfer professional information only in consultation with the attending doctor as a member of the team serving the patient. In exceptional cases, a nurse has the right to conceal professional information from a patient if she or he is convinced that such information will cause serious harm.
Nurses should keep confidential the information entrusted to them or made known to them by performing their professional duties about the patient’s health status, diagnosis, treatment, the prognosis of her illness, and the patient’s personal life even after the person dies. You must strictly carry out your functions of protecting confidential information about patients, in whatever form it may be stored. A nurse has the right to disclose confidential information about a patient to a third party only with the consent of the patient. The right to transfer information to other specialists and medical workers who provide medical care to a patient implies the availability of his or her consent. Medical professionals are entitled to transmit sensitive information without the patient’s consent only in cases mentioned in law. In this case, the patient should be informed of the inevitability of disclosure of confidentiality. In all other cases, the nurse bears personal moral and sometimes legal responsibility for disclosing professional secrets.
A nurse should maintain the authority and reputation of his or her profession. Neatness and personal hygiene are the essential qualities of a nurse’s personality. A medical worker has a personal moral responsibility to follow, introduce, and improve nursing standards. The right and duty of nurses are to defend their moral, economic, and professional independence.
Relationship with Colleagues
Young specialists should pay a tribute of deserved respect to their teachers. In relations with colleagues, you should be honest, fair, recognize and respect their knowledge, experience, contribution to the healing process. The nurse is obliged to help his or her colleagues, counting on the same help from their side, and to assist other participants in the treatment process, including volunteers. Attempts to gain credibility by discrediting colleagues are unethical. The moral and professional duty of physicians is to help the patient carry out the prescribed treatment program. The nurse is obliged to perform the medical manipulations prescribed by the doctor accurately and efficiently. If you doubt the advisability of the doctor’s medical recommendations, you should tactfully discuss this situation with him or her.
You must defend the interests of the patient and society, faced with illegal, unethical, or incompetent medical practice in a clinic. A nurse is required to know the legal regulations governing nursing, the health care system in general, and the application of traditional medicine methods. You have the right to apply for support to state health authorities, taking measures to protect the interests of the patient from questionable medical practice.
You should strive to participate in research activities, in increasing knowledge in your profession. A nurse should follow international medical ethics documents while participating in training activities involving a person as an object. The interests of the patient should always be above the interests of society and science.
Now you know some tips for nursing students first year. They will help you organize your work in the clinic properly and not be afraid of difficulties.