According to Jackson (2011), education is a moral enterprise, a process through which knowledge in human society is transmitted from one generation to the other and how we think of accomplishing that task. For some cultures education symbolizes light, while for others it is the key to life among many others, but in general they bring out the one common trait about education, that it is the root of human development. Education could be formal or informal, and since the existence of human-beings it has followed them. Education is unique human feature just like genetic code, moreover, it is crucial thing that stimulate humans to develop. Thus, lack of education, which refers to lack of adequate, timely and up-to-date formal education, deprives the particular members of a community or a population the knowledge and developments that are transmitted through this process of education.
With the growth of human civilization, education became formal. More people got interested in document findings and different parts of the world diversely incorporated this trend. Some nations have understood the value of proper education and it became popular, however, the introduction of education still depended on the culture. Though in today’s world much has been done and nations and people tend to be universally apart in respect to availability and level of education. The universality is not yet achieved, thus, it gives a good basis for evaluating the difference between people with education and those without it.
Presence or absence of education can be viewed from different aspects of human life, these include health, governance, infrastructural development exercising civic and human rights and duties, technological advancement, trade and economy. Countries with proper education system that focus on educating its society are always step forward unlike their counterparts that have not paid enough attention to education. In most parts of the world where there is lack of education there are always underlying factors that lead to the situation, they include financial constrains of those countries, lack of the facilitating resources such as schools and relevant books, lack of human resources that are teachers and professors. However, to some nations this lack of education is facilitated by other reasons such as embezzlement of education funds, some cultures do not give much room for education. For instance, the Masaai of Kenya who are fulltime pastoralists to date, while others do not educate females for one reason or another.
World Bank education website gives real statistics about factors which cause the lack of education in some countries. On the contrary statistics in the United States, well-developed country, have been used to point out these differences. According to Brimer and Pauli (2006), in the United States the gross enrolment ratio (pre-primary) was 69.0 and the net enrolment rate (primary) was 94.6 in the year 2010, while in Kenya during the same year, the gross enrolment and the net enrolment in pre-primary and primary was 51.8 and 82.8 respectively. The World Bank (2006) attributes the main reason causing lacking of education is not enough schools to cope with the needs of the population in Kenya. The primary enrollment differs greatly from the United States, though it is not exclusively the cause of the difference. For example, in 2010, the pupil to teacher ratio in the United States in primary and secondary school is13.6 and 13.8, which is, about 14 students for each teacher. While in Kenya the pupil to teacher ratio in primary school and secondary school is 46.8 and 29.7. That means that every teacher has about 47 students in primary school and about 30 students in secondary.
World leaders including the United Nations (UN) agree that education is a human right, and they have done a lot to ensure that every citizen of this world gets at least the basic education within those systems. The World Bank in partnership with most governments, developed partners such as the UN and business representatives in over 100 countries, teachers, students and civil societies have come up with an education strategy that lays out a ten-year agenda which is focused on the essential goal of “learning for all”. The implication of these 2020 agenda is: Invest early, invest smartly, andinvest for all. These efforts have born fruits and they include: all member states of the UN are required to give education to their citizens as a mandatory human right, the UN in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have a number of projects all over the world especially the third world countries that include building schools, giving grants to governments to pay and employ more teachers. In Kenya, for instance, the British government in collaboration with the Kenyan government started a free primary education program for Kenyan citizens.
The world leaders have done a great attempt in trying to resolve the problems of lacking of education; they have focused majorly on the badly affected countries and also put an effort on infrastructural development to support education provision in different parts of the world. They have also contributed a lot to the progress by involving the major stakeholders in these sectors in the formulation of these strategies. This is a good way to create the benefits out of these projects towards the process, helping people and in such a way to reduce the chances of rejecting the good initiatives.
At a global level, the leaders come up with unifying the basic concepts and features about education methodologies of different parts and make it available to the different levels so that important information and techniques that have worked in other nations are applied in other areas. In respect to poor the lack of education due to mismanagement of education funds by some corrupt elites, means that they should have very good monitoring measures to ensure that the objectives of the funds are utilized, thus, getting the full potential to educate society. Finally, the world leaders should increase on scholarships for smart students within the affected areas, but also make sure that these students will not get lost in other countries. The main purpose of receiving the gran should be to get valuable experience and to imply it in the native country, to strengthen its economy, political and social life.
At the local level, the leaders and stakeholders should ensure that the education systems are suitable for the culture and lifestyle of the people so that they can benefit from it. For instance, mobile classrooms for pastoralist communities, they could also have portable writing boards that could be used in areas in the rural of developing countries. Finally, while trying to universalize education, its content should be made in such a way that it preserves important aspects of each culture.
Conclusively, regardless of the level at which lack of education is tackled, the ultimate triumph over these social issues is spearing the spirited enormous efforts. In this way, it reduces the strain on leaders as many expect them to make the biggest difference with regards to making education available to them.