Effect of Walking Distance on Loosing Calories essay

Effect of jogging distance on losing calories

Food is usually consumed to serve as a source of energy to the bodies of humans and animals. However, the body has specific requirements for a limited amount of energy, which in turn means that excess food translates into fat deposits and a risk for diseases. This being the case, individuals engage in various types of exercises aiming to burn and get rid of the extra calories. This is to enable them to remain healthy and fit. Advancements realized in medical science have clarified the nutrient content of all products that are consumed and such knowledge can be used in striking a balance between the energy intake and the burning of excess calories through such exercises as jogging, walking, and sprinting. Here, it is important to note that the burning of calories depends on the type of exercise that is performed. A more intensive exercise will cause more calories to be burnt and is thus better for health. Such exercise helps keep off blood pressure, cardiac attacks, as well as other related health complications. It is also important to have a well-balanced low-fat diet, take adequate rest, and adopt a healthy attitude. In addition, everything should be done in moderation including exercise. Burning of calories is both a science and art. Contemporary science guides on how to burn the calories in a manner that is most efficient. By bringing together science and a number of tricks, one can give own metabolism important boost. Plosser indicates that jogging or running can cause calories to be burnt and that it is a fact that the more one runs, the more likely it is to have more calories burnt. However, with such kind of exercise, injuries present a major threat. In this regard, it is recommended that one should have hard exercises separated by short breaks to enable the body to recover from any stretches and stress. Also, it is a myth that the volume of calories that are burnt can be determined by the volume of sweat that one produces. Rather, there are a variety of exercises that can be conducted indoor and still be able to burn calories. Nevertheless, the myth or claim can be looked at from a different perspective as encouraging giving the body fresh air, which is healthy for the person doing exercise. The other aspect associated with jogging and running regards hydration. In the recent times, medical staff and runners have been advised to cut down hydration owing to the potential risks related to overhydrating, which can take place  when the jogging or running is only done for a long time.

 

1.1  Hypothesis

Hypothesis: Effect of jogging distance on losing calories

1.2  Materials

  • 1 male test subject aged 25 years and weighing 267 lbs
  • Smart phone App (NIKE Runner)

2.0 Methods and Experiment

1. The NIKE Runner application was downloaded

2. The distance was recorded

3. The time intervals were recorded

4. The calories burned were recorded

5. Steps 2 to 4 were repeated

2.1 Independent variable was the distance covered in unit time

2.2 Dependent variable was the burned calories

2.3 Fixed variables were gender of the subject and the surface of the track, which was smooth

3.0 Results and Discussion

3.1 Representation of Data

Effect of Walking Distance on Loosing Calories

Figure 1: NIKE app snapshots(For 500m-1500m)

Effect_of_Walking_Distance on_Loosing_Calories

3.2 Interpretation of Data

To test the hypothesis, the number of calories burned was determined on 5 different sample distances and on varying time of intervals. The test subject ran on a smooth track while having the android app installed in his smartphone. During the experiment, his weight was 267 lbs whereas his jogging speed was approximately 4-5 km/h. The app provides the full jogging exercise information and this includes the time, distance, the steps taken, as well as the burnt calories. The following table shows the data that was collected:

Distance

(Km)

Time

(Minutes)

Calories burned (Cal)

Steps taken

0.5

3.33

43

135

1

7.4

82

246

1.5

12.21

117

359

2

16.29

148

469

2.5

20.96

175

586

Table 1: Data collected through NIKE app

Measurements

Units

Symbol

Weight

Pound

lbs

Energy

Calories

Cal

Age

Years

Y

Length

Kilometer

Km

Table 2: Units Measurement

4.0 Calculations and Discussion

The pedometer contained in the application tallied the subject’s 180 steps over a walking distance of 500 meters. As such, a total of 0.02 calories were burnt in each step that the subject took.

Calories burned in each mile = 2.7 x 267 lbs. = 720.9 calories per mile.

1mile = 1.6 km

Converting the consumed energy into kilometer =  = 450.56 calories per Kilometer

Therefore, in 100m = 45.05 calories are burnt

Energy for every step (Jogging) =  =  = 0.33 calories per step

The energy consumed in every step is calculated in order to come up with the energy consumed in every step when input is obtained from the pedometer regarding the steps numbers. Similarly, calculation is done for all tests involving varying age groups.

The same test was used involving the same subject and in the same scenario, with only the distance being increased by 0.5km. The results that were obtained from the NIKE app indicate that if the jogging distance is increased by a constant interval, more calories will be burnt by the same subject. However, the primary factor seems to be the ratio. This ratio in calorie burning slows down with increase in the jogging distance as shown by the calorie differences illustrated in the table below. However, this impact is overlooked in order to make the study more feasible and easily understandable for the reader.

Distance in km

Calories Burned (Cal)

Difference (Cal)

0.5

43

39

1

82

35

1.5

117

31

2

148

27

2.5

175

24

Effect_of_Walking_Distance_on_Loosing_Calories_difference.png

In the above graph, the grey line shows that the burnt calories difference is reducing as the subject increases the distance.

It is important to have long runs. Firstly, such runs help the runner to physically adapt to spending a longer period of time on his feet. Secondly, they help the runner enhance his physical and mental strength. This is, in turn, a major motivation for engaging in jogging for a longer time. Thirdly, and probably the most important reason for having long runs, they help the runner develop a crucial adaptation of the heart such that the organ is able to increase the blood volume it pumps for circulation around the heart in each beat. This reduces the resting heart rate, the jogging heart rate, as well as helps achieve a greater cardiac efficiency. Notably, the less the work the heart has to engage in when pumping blood around the body, the easier it will be for oxygen to be delivered to the working muscles and the less an individual will feel tired. In this regard, it is important to maintain longer runs at a conversational pace or an exertion of about 5-6 out of 10. If the runner has a heart rate monitor, he should work at a rate ranging from 120 to 150 beats in every minute.

            It is acknowledged that a given amount of energy is required to move a particular mass over a specified distance. As such, one may think that either jogging or walking for a mile would result in the same amount of calories being burnt. However, this is not the case. On the contrary, studies have demonstrated that jogging uses up a higher amount of energy per distance unit than walking. Nonetheless, most of the research articles covering this topic support the claim indicating that more calories are burnt when one runs than when he or she walks. In general, it is accepted that one will burn more calories after running a given distance than after walking over the same distance. Notably, walking is more efficient in moving and puts to work fewer muscles compared to jogging. When taking a walk, the legs are maintained at a fairly straight posture, while having reduced contact with the ground, and while the body’s center of gravity is maintained at a constant. This is unlike in jogging, which can be considered as jumping from foot to foot. This being the case, additional effort is required for the feet to be pushed off and for the body to be elevated slightly off the ground, whereas the knees are at a more bent position with the muscles engaging more in shock absorption. This causes more calories to be burnt. For this reason, most fitness and health professionals encourage their clients to engage in walks as opposed to other exercises as it puts less stress on the body. This is despite the fact less calories will be burnt compared to if a person engaged in jogging.

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5.0 Conclusion

The study’s hypothesis of the study was found to be true. The results of the experiments presented in table 1 showed that the more the jogging distance that the subject covered, the more the calories he burnt. However, it is important to note that the building of a linear relationship between the calories burnt and the distance when the distance covered is more than 2.5 km is not within the scope of the research.

The study employed a simple and basic research method when trying to validate the hypothesis made at the start. As such, the research has its major strength being the simplicity and the fact that it offers a basic understanding to a reader who is conscious about health and calories and would like to comprehend the basic concept of the calories burnt relative to the distance covered. Also, it is noteworthy that the pedometer utilized in the study was highly economical. This is important to acknowledge because when the number of steps and the calories burnt are being calculated, the research results were found to be highly dependent on the pedometer in use. As such, a good quality pedometer is required in order to obtain more precise results. Modification of the methodology and equipment can be done to extend the study to a higher level. Treadmill, in particular, can be used to provide results that are more calculate as opposed to relying on a smartphone app. It is usually fitted with sensors for steps taken, calories calculations, and the heartbeat.  Moreover, its use will help reduce the errors that may negatively affect the accuracy of the obtained results.

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Effect of Walking Distance on Loosing Calories essay

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