Major depressive disorder is “characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once-pleasurable activities”. It is important to study this disorder, because “it affects 5-8 percent of adults” (National Alliance on Mental Illness) in the United States only. Major depression refers to most common mental disorders in the world. It does not affect some sub-cultures more than others, but “women are twice as likely to experience major depression as men”.
Major depression leads to sorrow and despair. It is characterized by such symptoms: sadness, problems with concentration, insomnia, a loss of appetite, fatigue, anxiety, and distress. People often feel excessive guilt.
The disorder is treatable. There are two main methods that ensure recovery: medications and psychotherapy. Different types of antidepressants are distinguished among medications. They are called “selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRis)” (National Institute of Mental Health 11), for example, Prozac Celexa, Zolot. The second method is based on psychoanalysis. A psychologist may be the best treatment a patient needs. The doctor can establish the cause of the disorder (whether it is family troubles, problems with work or other reasons) by talking to him or her and helping a person to recover from deep mental traumas. I believe that the psychoanalysis is a better and more effective remedy, because it eliminates the cause, not the symptoms of the disorder. It does not have any side effects, while medications do have them.
People who suffer from major depression disorder are at risk of committing suicide. It is important to pay attention to any displays of depression, because it can save lives. It is known that mental pain is much worse than physical one though it cannot be identified at once. That is why major depression is so dangerous.