Throughout the human history, the society was divided into rich and poor strata. The more capable and skillful people occupy the most favorable places to live and work; they are fenced from the rest of the community, and live their well-fed, wealthy life. Private housing estates, public institutions, pricey restaurants, boutiques, salons, and luxury homes - these are the rooms where, one way or another, the strongest and the most capable of the human species spend their time. The rest of the people are living in the crazy, dirty high-rise buildings, choking on the subway, visiting markets, supermarkets, as well as the crowded demonstrations and rallies, where try to protect those who are sitting at their restaurants. On the one hand, it seems that it is unfair, but on another – genetically, a man has the gene responsible for the hierarchy. Indeed, there are many principles of the division between rich and poor people, and the food is one of the key ones. For example, lunch for one person in the USA can cost more than the average African village spends on food per year. The following paper will discuss the food gap between rich and poor people in the modern world and how it influences the society.
In order to understand the essence of the food gap of people with high and low income, one should compare their ways of life. First and foremost, rich people study and learn new things throughout the whole life. It is not about the studying in the university, but visiting many courses, trainings and seminars, as well as reading, using smart websites – the so-called self-education. Poor people believe that studying in a college or university will help them to be successful in life and find a good job. It is not true because if the person wants to be successful, he or she should be creative and talented, not only hard-working. Rich and poor people also have different approaches to work. Rich people choose the occupation they like or dream about. They prefer to work for themselves founding their small or big business. They may find the work in some other company only in order to make the start-up capital for the developing of their own idea. Rich people are not afraid of the experiments with jobs; they can change them very often. In contrast, the amount of salary is the main criteria for poor people. They do not care about the personal growth. As for the income, rich people are always oriented on the passive income. They acknowledge that their time and efforts are not endless and they use the work in order to create the active which will bring the money in future, but not only to get the money right now. They try to create more and more sources for getting the income; rich people are ready to risk. Roth believes that “There’s no question that wealth brings opportunities, both in the U.S. and in other countries. Those with money have more choices. The rich can take risks, and they’re often rewarded for taking them.” Very often, the active income is the main source of earnings for poor people. Most often, it is only the salary at work, but also, they can count on the premium in the end of the month. They choose banking deposits among many others ways of investment because they are simple and reliable. Pondering over the differences between the rich and the Poor, J. D. Roth reflects that rich people “talk about ideas rather than things and people”.
It should be said that many centuries ago people were poor because they did not have the right to choose a way of life. The stealth and deception were the only options for poor people. People could not reach some wealth being only the peasants. However, in the modern world, the majority of the poor people do not have money not because of someone oppresses them, but because they lack the mental resources or they are just lazy; being poor is more convenient for them. Speaking about the gap in a way of life of rich and poor people, one should point out that rich people live the healthy way of life – they go in for sports, choose active rest and trainings. They visit the gym 3-4 times per week; many rich people do morning exercises and jogging. Rich people prefer to visit ecologically clean places; some of them adore extreme sports. In spite of their tight schedule they can have time for that. Poor people prefer to have their rest near the TV set or at the table with the abundance of food and drink.
As a consequence, poor and reach people eat differently. Actually, it is not about the price of food but about the approach to eating. Usually, rich people eat only quality and healthy products. They do not overeat and have a kind of a schedule for meals whereas poor people do not think about their nutrition; most often they choose the available products and eat when they have such a possibility. What is interesting, healthy products are also accessible for them but they prefer fast food and harmful beverages. Paradoxically, poor people eat too much and very often they suffer from the obesity and other diseases.
Above all, high income combined with higher education often determines the choice of most healthy food. That allows pondering that rich people eat tastier food. Indeed, the food in expensive restaurants is often much tastier than in the economy ones. This can be explained by the quality of ingredients, the skill of the chefs and the unique recipes. However, another reason exists: if the person pays much money for food, he or she expects that it will be tastier than usually. The food set of people with a high income includes vegetables, fruits, and dairy products. On the contrary, mostly fat milk, beans, as well as anything that contains animal fats prevails in the ration of poor people without higher education. In fact, people who live healthy life would prefer some fruit as a snack rather than a sandwich.
Actually, the habits of poor and rich people are different. For example, unlike people with low income, rich people compile the lists of work. They wake up early in the morning - for three or more hours before the work. Rich people listen to the audio books, when they have free time. Moreover, they read every day and have exercises 3-4 times a week. Rich people do not eat in fast-foods or do it very rarely. Unlike poor people, they do not watch TV (it helps to avoid eating chips, sandwiches and drinking fizzy water).
Speaking about the food preferences of rich people, one should mention that there are some products in the world which cost unreasonably much money. The most expensive spice in the world is saffron. 225000 stamens should be gathered for only one pound of spices, and that is why it is so expensive. One kilogram of the saffron costs about six thousand dollars. Sadly, but this sum would be enough to feed almost six thousands of poor African children. Actually, there are many products and dishes in the world which costs more than one thousand dollars – some kinds of chocolate, coffee, whiskey, truffles and many others. Only the richest people can taste them. To tell the truth, these products are not only extremely delicious; they also emphasize the status of the person who tastes them.
There were many experiments that explored the food preferences in the different places of the world and the Peter Menzel`s experiment, which is called “The Hungry Planet” is one of the most popular ones. The famous photographer visited many countries analyzing the food basket of each one. He explored that the average Japan`s family spends 317.25$ per week and likes sashimi, cake, fruit and potato chips. Italians spend 260.11$ per week and prefer pasta with the rag, fish, hot dogs and frozen fish sticks. The average Chad family spends only 1.23$ per week. They eat only the soup with the fresh meat. The food expenditure for one week for the Al Haggan family from Kuwait was 221.45$ and they liked chicken biryani with basmati rice very much. The Revis family from North Carolina, the United States prefers spaghetti, potatoes and sesame chicken. Their ration costs 341.98$ per week. The favorite Mexican food is pizza, pasta, chicken and crab and it costs 189.09$ per week. As for the Chinese family, their favorite dish was fried pork with sour sauce and sweet. The amount of money spent per week was 155.06$. The photographer also visited Poland and noticed that they spent 151.27$ per week and the pig`s knuckle with parsnips, carrots and celery was their family recipe. The Cairo, Egypt family spent only 68.53$ and their favorite dish was mutton and okra. The family in Ecuador liked potato soup and spent 31.55$. The family from Mongolia liked to make mutton dumplings and the amount of money spent per week was 40.02$. The family from the Great Britain spent 253.15$ and adored avocado, prawn cocktails, chocolate and mayonnaise sandwich. The family from Bhutan spent only 5.03$ and preferred cheese, pork and mushrooms. Germans preferred bacon and herring, fried potatoes with onions, as well as fried noodles with cheese and eggs. They spent more than 500$ and it was one of the highest results. Also, Luxembourg family could spend much money – 465.84$. They liked Chicken in wine sauce, Shimp pizza, and Turkish kebabs. The Indian family spent only 39.27$ per week and their family recipe was Rice Flakes, the so-called Sangeeta Patkar`s Poha. The French family was able to spend 419.95$ per week and their favorite food was Delphine Le Moine`s Apricor Tarts and pasta carbonara. The Peter Menzel`s experiment proved that people who live in the countries with the developed economy can allow spending much money for food. The French, English, German people do not suffer from the bad quality of products because their countries take care of the food needs of their citizens. Moreover, every country has its own food traditions which differ from the other countries. Sometimes these traditions are dictated by the territory, but most often by the religion. For example, Ronit Vered in his famous article Prescribing Pork in Israel analyzed the famous Pork Law. He opines that, “For many Israelis the Pork Law was not stringent enough, and over the decades there were repeated attempts to enact a total ban on the raising, slaughter, and sale of pigs and pork products in Israel.” This article shows the tendencies towards the forbidden food in Israel. Notably, people can adhere to their natural laws and refuse eating some products. For example, Muslims do not eat pork, and Hindus - beef. Sometimes it happens that the members of one family, following their confession, feed separately.
Making food is an art and many artists dedicated their songs, poems, novels and pictures to their favorite dishes. For example, Haruki Murakami in his famous short story The Year of Spaghetti showed the human solitude in its hopelessness. This story relates about a man, who has made spaghetti every day imagining some people, even the famous ones, visiting his house. When a real girl phoned him and asked for advice – the protagonist rejected her. The man acknowledged that she was in despair, but he tried to quit the conversation emphasizing again and again that he is making spaghetti. In some way, spaghetti is a symbol of human loneliness and author ends his story with a rhetoric question “Can you imagine how astonished the Italians would be if they knew that what they were exporting in 1971 was really loneliness?”
Food has become one of the human pleasures where people indulge themselves generously, creating many illnesses and diseases. The modern medicine earns good money on this, throwing dubious literature on the methods of nutrition of the blood groups, diet and other drugs, irresponsibly experimenting on people instead of understanding the true harmony between the man and nature. I do believe that humanity should find the solution of how to divide the resources between the well-developed countries and poor ones, for example African countries.
In conclusion, it should be said that the food is the shortest way to satisfaction. Different people prefer different food; since some habits that rich and poor people developed through years exist. It is obvious that rich people prefer healthy food since they live healthy life. Poor people, vice versa, do not care about the quality of food – they prefer accessible and cheap products. Moreover, the quality of food differs in the developed and underdeveloped countries. In the countries with the progressive economics, it is easy to get the quality products, pure water and fresh fruit and vegetables. The gap between the possibilities of rich people and people with low income is quite huge indeed, but every person should strive to get quality and healthy products and live a healthy life.